Bone grafting is often a misunderstood term. Basically, bone grafting is a surgery that involves placing new bone, or a bone substitute, around a defective or broken bone.
The bone can be taken from a persons own bone so long as it’s healthy, which is called autographt, or from donated bone, which is called an allograft. On occasion, and often in the case of jawbone grafting, man-made, synthetic bone material is used.
The bone defect is cut into, and the bone graft is shaped and placed into and around the area in need of mending, repair, or restructure. It should also be noted that a bone graft is often held together with screws, pins or plates in order to keep it secure and solid.
Depending on the injury or restructuring requirements of your jawbone, your recovery could be as quick as 2 weeks or extend into 3 months as the bone graft binds and heals.
Also, for those of you still unable to quit the habit of smoking, you should know that smoking slows down or prevents bone healing …so if you smoke, know that the graft is more likely to fail.
Types of Bone Grafting:
Minor: Over a period of time, the jawbone associated with missing teeth atrophies or is reabsorbed. This often leaves a condition in which there is poor quality and quantity of bone suitable for placement of dental implants. In these situations, most patients are not candidates for placement of dental implants. Today, we have the ability to grow bone where needed. This not only gives us the opportunity to place implants of proper length and width, it also gives us a chance to restore functionality and aesthetic appearance.
Major: Major bone grafts are typically performed to repair defects of the jaws. These defects may arise as a result of traumatic injuries, tumour surgery, or congenital defects. Large defects are repaired using the patient’s own bone. This bone is harvested from a number of different sites depending on the size of the defect. The skull (cranium), hip (iliac crest) and lateral knee (tibia), are common donor sites. These procedures are routinely performed in an operating room and require a hospital stay.
Sinus Bone Grafting: Bone grafting can repair implant sites with inadequate bone structure due to previous extractions, gum disease or injuries. Sinus bone grafts are also performed to replace bone in the posterior upper jaw. In addition, special membranes may be utilized that dissolve under the gum and protect the bone graft and encourage bone regeneration. This is called guided bone regeneration or guided tissue regeneration.
So if you know that bone grafting is something that has been recommended to you, feel free to stop in at one of these locations to further discuss your needs…
Burnaby Sedation & General Dentistry | 250 – 3433 North Rd. Burnaby, BC | View
Langley Sedation & General Dentistry | #103 – 19978 72nd Avenue Langley, BC | View
Tri-City Sedation & General Dentistry | #1412-2929 Barnet Hwy, Coquitlam, BC | View
Coast Meridian Sedation & General Dentistry | #103 3380 David Ave, Coquitlam, BC | View